The “Burnley Express” took four wickets on the final day, for 10 in the match, including the vital scalp of Brad Haddin, with Australia 14 runs from victory.
And Anderson felt his haul of 10-158 was his best Test performance to date.
He said: “Yeah I’d say so.
“We knew it wasn’t going to be easy at the start of the day, but I thought the lads stuck to it and stayed calm when it was getting tough.
“I’m just delighted to get the win.
“I had the nerves going a little bit but I love bowling at Trent Bridge.
“It’s been good to me over the years and I’m happy that I could pick up more wickets.”