Black people four times as likely to be stopped and searched by Lancashire police

Black people in Lancashire are four times as likely as white people to be stopped and searched by police, new figures reveal.
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With the highest number of stop and searches used across England and Wales for seven years, the Runnymede Trust warned the power is being used to disproportionately target the black community.

Home Office data shows officers in Lancashire carried out 8,514 stop and searches in the year to March – up from 4,344 the year before.

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Using population estimates for the area, the figures show 15.5 per 1,000 black people were stopped, compared to just 4.2 per 1,000 white people.

New figures show black people are four times more likely to be stopped and searched by Lancashire Police than white peopleNew figures show black people are four times more likely to be stopped and searched by Lancashire Police than white people
New figures show black people are four times more likely to be stopped and searched by Lancashire Police than white people

This means black people were 3.7 times as likely to be subjected to a stop and search.

Similarly, 9.4 out of 1,000 people across all BAME groups were stopped, making them twice as likely as white people.

These only apply to cases where the suspect's ethnicity was recorded, which was done in the vast majority (81 per cent) of instances.

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The power to stop and search is permitted under section one of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, allowing police to search people and vehicles for things like drugs or a weapon without a warrant.

Across England and Wales, police stopped 54 per 1,000 black people in 2019-20 – compared to a rate of just six per 1,000 white people.

This means they were 8.9 times as likely to be stopped, though this was down slightly from 9.7 the year before.

Alba Kapoor, policy officer at the Runnymede Trust said: “These latest figures are yet more evidence of the structural racism embedded in our criminal justice system.

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"That black people are so disproportionately targeted under stop and search shows a broken system in desperate need of repair.

“We are clear that these powers are not fit for purpose, discriminatory and hugely damaging to BME communities.

“For as long as stop and search exists in its current form it will cause ongoing discrimination of BME communities at the hands of the police."

Police forces across England and Wales carried out the highest number of stop and searches in seven years, with the figure rising by more than 50 per cent in 12 months to 558,973.

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This is the most since 2013-14, despite data from Greater Manchester Police not being included because of ongoing technology problems.

The Home Office report said the Metropolitan Police in London accounted for half of the increase in the number of stops and searches in the latest year.

In Lancashire, most (57 per cent) searches by police were looking for drugs with a further 16 per cent for offensive weapons.

The National Police Chiefs’ Council lead for stop and search, Deputy Chief Constable Adrian Hanstock, said the power is an "important tool" to stop crime, and was responsible for the removal of 11,000 knives, firearms and other weapons from the streets last year.

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He added: “The issue of disparity of stop and search amongst people from non-white and minority backgrounds continues to be an important issue which needs addressing.

"I welcome the decrease in the disparity faced by people from these backgrounds in the use of stop and search which I believe follows increased efforts from police forces to demonstrate transparency in the way in which these powers are used."

The Home Office said no-one should be targeted because of their race and they continue to work with the police to ensure the power is used lawfully, proportionately and led by intelligence.