All care home residents in England will be vaccinated against Covid-19 within the next 10 days, health officials have said.
NHS England has told GPs that it “expects” the majority of both residents and staff to be immunised by the end of this week, or by 24 January “at the latest”.
A letter sent to the groups of GP surgeries who signed up to deliver the vaccination programme suggests that the rollout can be done from 8am to 8pm seven days a week to reach the target.
25 jabs could save a life
The vaccination push comes as MPs heard that immunising just 25 care home residents against Covid-19 could save a life.
The figures demonstrate some of the reasoning behind the priority list set out by experts advising the government, with care home residents topping the list of nine categories of those most at risk.
The next category down includes the over 80s and all frontline health and care workers.
Vaccinating just 250 people over the age of 80 will save one life, the Science and Technology Committee was told.
However, “many thousands” of train operators would need to be vaccinated to save a life, MPs heard.
Professor Wei Shen Lim, chairman of the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI), explained: “In terms of protecting people within a constrained vaccine supply, the estimates are that we have to vaccinate only about 250 people aged over 80 to save one life.
“For care home residents, we only need to vaccinate somewhere between 25 to 45 care home residents to save one life.
“If you were trying to vaccinate, for example, train operators, then you would have to vaccinate many thousand train operators to save a life.
“It doesn’t mean that that’s not important, but it’s weighing up the values there. That’s a policy decision as to what value one wants to weigh up.”
Key worker priority
The government aims to have the top four priority groups offered their first jab by mid-February.
These groups include care home residents and their carers, frontline health and social care staff and all those over the age of 70.
Vaccine deployment minister Nadhim Zahawi said that it was his “instinct” that frontline key workers would be next in line for the vaccine after the most at-risk were immunised, but said the government would be guided by the JCVI.
He said: “The reason the JCVI have given us the priority list, the nine categories, is because actually the thing you want to do is to cut mortality – people dying from the virus.
“The JCVI are best-placed to look at this in terms of looking at where do we go next.
“Now, my instinct is to say, rightly so that those who are most likely to come into contact with a viral load – teachers, shop workers, policemen and women would be the highest risk of getting the virus, and therefore they’re the ones we should focus on, but I would very much be guided by the JCVI.”
Dr Mary Ramsay, head of immunisation at Public Health England, said that in order to keep services running it would be a “societal decision” on which key workers are next prioritised for a vaccine.
A plea has now been made by AstraZeneca to get all those involved in the vaccine development and manufacture to receive the jab urgently.
Mene Pangalos, executive vice president of biopharmaceuticals research and development at AstraZeneca, said: “One of the things that I’m worried about is actually maintaining a continuous supply and work on this vaccine.
“Of course, with the outbreak and the pandemic where it is – I feel it’s critical to the people that are working on this vaccine are actually immunised.
“Because if you have an outbreak at one of the centres – which we’ve had actually – or in one of the groups in Oxford (that) is working on new variants, or the people that are working on the regulatory files – everything stops.
“This is a concern that I have and so again we’re pushing to try and get our key workers that are working on the vaccine project immunised to try and prevent these outbreaks.”